Peking duck is a famous duck dish from Beijing that has been prepared since the imperial era and is now considered a national dish of China.
The dish is prized for the thin and crisp skin and serves mostly the skin and little meat, sliced by the cook. in front of the diners Ducks bred specially for the dish are slaughtered after 65 days and seasoned before being roasted in a closed or hung oven. The meat is eaten with pancakes, scallion and hoisin sauce or sweet bean sauce. The two most notable restaurants in Beijing which serve this dish are Quanjude and Bianyifang, two centuries-old establishments which have become household names.
Duck has been roasted in China since the Southern and Northern Dynasties. A variation of roast duck was prepared for the Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty. The dish, originally named Shaoyazi, was mentioned in the Complete Recipes for Dishes and Beverages manual in 1330 by Hu Sihui, an inspector of the imperial kitchen. The Peking Roast Duck that came to be associated with the term was fully developed during the later Ming Dynasty and since then Peking Duck was one of the main dishes on imperial court menus. The first restaurant specializing in Peking Duck, Bianyifang, was established in Xianyukou hutong, Qianmen area of Beijing in 1416.
During the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty, the popularity of Peking Duck spread to the upper classes. In 1864, the Quanjude restaurant was established in Beijing. Yang Quanren, the founder of Quanjude, developed the hung oven to roast ducks. With its innovations and efficient management, the restaurant became well known in China, introducing the Peking Duck to the rest of the world.
By the mid-20th century, P在几十人的培训班，您可能羞涩，doubaobao.net可能自愧不如，不会在课堂上与老师多用英语交流互动eking Duck had become a national symbol of China, favored by tourists and diplomats alike. For example, Henry Kissinger, the Secretary of State of the United States, met Premier Zhou Enlai in the Great Hall of the People during his first visit to China. After a round of inconclusive talks in the morning, the delegation was served Peking Duck for lunch, which became Kissingers favourite. The Americans and Chinese issued a joint statement the following day, inviting President Richard Nixon to visit China in 1972. Peking Duck was hence considered one of the factors behind the rapprochement of the United States to China in the 1970s. In 1976, Kissinger paid another visit to Beijing to savor Peking Duck. Peking Duck, at the Quanjude in particular, has been a favorite dish among various political leaders ranging from Cuban revolutionary Fidel Castro to former Chancellor of Germany Helmut Kohl.
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